Orientation and Mobility

Orientation and Mobility (O&M) is a related ExceptionalChildren’s service that is offered to students who qualify and receiveinstruction from the Program for the Visually Impaired (VI).  Thesestudents with visual impairments are typically severely visuallyimpaired and most are blind.  The content of this instruction isdependent on the individual needs, skills, and ability of the studentwith a visual impairment; therefore it is not offered to all VIstudents.  The orientation component of O&M instruction refers tohelping a student develop a general sense of where they are in theirenvironment; whereas mobility includes the actual movement and methodto get to one’s destination.  Mobility instruction frequentlyincorporates cane travel as part of the instruction.  Referrals forthis related service are coordinated with the VI Program and madethrough recommendation by the Teacher of the Visually Impaired (TVI).

Additional Resources:
Click here to Visual Impairment (VI).

Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation & Education Professionals (ACVREP) – A private, non-profit organization dedicated to meeting the needs of the vision rehabilitation and education field.  www.acvrep.org

Division of Services for the Blind – The mission of the North Carolina Division of Services for the Blind has been to enable people who are blind or visually impaired to reach their goals of independence and employment.  http://www.dhhs.state.nc.us/dsb/